Nobody likes the prospect of losing all of their teeth someday. However, as we become older, it is increasingly likely that we will start losing one tooth after another. In many cases, older people need to use uncomfortable dentures, and some of them didn’t lose their teeth because they had dental caries or bad hygiene but because they never cared about gum disease.
Gum disease is a problem in the base of your teeth that is usually caused by a deficiency of nutrients that results in chronic inflammation and bone loss in your periodontium (the area of your gums and deep within).
Gum disease has three different stages, and they are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Each one of them has shared and individual signs and symptoms we will consider in this article. These are the most important, and the ones that will help you to detect gum disease as soon as possible:
Swelling gums look bulged out or protruded instead of following the same line of the rest of your teeth. In some cases, your gums may start hiding a part of the teeth, and instead of looking pinkish they may look reddened and become very tender. Irritated and sore gums, as you will see further, often becomes painful and bleed easily. The leading cause is gingivitis, and if that happens to you it is a good idea to talk to your dentist right away before it progresses to periodontitis, a more advanced stage of the disease.